Dominion: The Making of the Western Mind is a book written by Tom Holland, a British historian. The book explores the history of Christianity and its impact on the Western world. The book is divided into ten chapters, each of which focuses on a different aspect of the history of Christianity. In this summary, we will provide a brief overview of each chapter and conclude with a summary of the book’s main themes.
Chapter 1: The First Christian
The first chapter of Dominion introduces the reader to the life of Paul of Tarsus, the apostle who is credited with spreading Christianity throughout the Western world. Paul’s letters, which are included in the New Testament, are some of the earliest written documents of the Christian faith. Holland argues that Paul’s ideas about the nature of Christ and the role of women in the church were revolutionary for his time and paved the way for the development of Christianity as we know it today.
Chapter 2: The First Christians
In the second chapter, Holland explores the early days of the Christian church. He describes how the church was initially made up of small groups of believers who met in secret, fearing persecution from the Roman authorities. He also discusses the role of women in the early church, which was much more prominent than it would be in later centuries.
Chapter 3: The Roman Empire
The third chapter of Dominion focuses on the relationship between Christianity and the Roman Empire. Holland argues that the empire’s persecution of Christians actually helped to spread the faith, as it gave Christians a sense of unity and purpose. He also discusses how Christianity eventually became the official religion of the empire, under Emperor Constantine.
Chapter 4: The End of the World
In the fourth chapter, Holland examines the apocalyptic beliefs of early Christians. He argues that these beliefs were a major factor in the spread of Christianity, as they provided a sense of urgency and purpose to the faith. He also discusses how these beliefs eventually led to the development of the concept of the “end times” in Christian theology.
Chapter 5: The Birth of the Church
The fifth chapter of Dominion looks at the development of the Catholic Church in the centuries following the death of Jesus. Holland argues that the church was initially a very democratic institution, with bishops and priests being elected by the congregation. He also discusses how the church began to develop a hierarchical structure, with the Pope at the top.
Chapter 6: The Book of Books
In the sixth chapter, Holland explores the development of the Bible as we know it today. He discusses how the various books of the Bible were written over a period of hundreds of years, and how they were eventually collected into a single volume. He also examines the role of the Bible in shaping Western culture and thought.
Chapter 7: The Clash of Civilizations
The seventh chapter of Dominion looks at the relationship between Christianity and Islam. Holland argues that the two religions were initially very similar, but that they eventually became locked in a battle for supremacy. He also discusses how the Crusades, which were launched by Christian Europe to reclaim the Holy Land from Muslim control, had a profound impact on the development of both religions.
Chapter 8: The Reformation
In the eighth chapter, Holland examines the Protestant Reformation, which took place in the 16th century. He argues that the Reformation was a major turning point in Western history, as it led to the development of a new form of Christianity that was more democratic and individualistic than the Catholic Church. He also discusses how the Reformation led to the development of new forms of art and literature.
Chapter 9: The Age of Enlightenment
The ninth chapter of Dominion looks at the Enlightenment, a period of intellectual and cultural growth that took place in Europe in the 18th century. Holland argues that the Enlightenment was heavily influenced by Christian ideas, but that it also led to the development of new forms of thought that were critical of traditional religion. He also discusses how the Enlightenment led to the development of new forms of government and social organization.
Chapter 10: The End of the Western World
The final chapter of Dominion looks at the impact of Christianity on the Western world in the 20th century. Holland argues that Christianity played a major role in the development of modern society, but that it also faced new challenges in the form of secularism and atheism. He also discusses how Christianity continues to shape Western culture and thought in the 21st century.
Dominion: The Making of the Western Mind is a fascinating exploration of the history of Christianity and its impact on the Western world. Throughout the book, Holland provides a detailed and nuanced analysis of the key events and ideas that have shaped Christianity over the centuries. He also offers a thought-provoking critique of the role of Christianity in Western society, and suggests that the faith may face new challenges in the years to come. Overall, Dominion is a must-read for anyone interested in the history of Christianity and its impact on the Western world.