The Tale of the Dueling Neurosurgeons is a non-fiction book written by Sam Kean. The book explores the history of neurosurgery, from its early days to the present. It is a fascinating account of the men and women who have dedicated their lives to understanding the workings of the human brain, and how their discoveries have changed the course of medicine. The book is divided into four parts, each focusing on a different aspect of neurosurgery.
Part One: The Birth of Neurosurgery
The first part of the book traces the origins of neurosurgery from ancient times to the Renaissance. It begins with the story of the Egyptian doctor, Imhotep, who is credited with being the first to perform surgery on the brain. It then moves on to describe the work of the Greek physician, Galen, who made significant contributions to the study of the nervous system. The part also discusses the work of the Renaissance physician, Andreas Vesalius, who conducted detailed studies of the human body and helped to revolutionize the field of medicine.
Part Two: The Rise of Modern Neurosurgery
The second part of the book focuses on the development of modern neurosurgery in the 19th and 20th centuries. It describes the work of pioneering surgeons such as Sir Victor Horsley and Harvey Cushing, who made significant advances in the field of neurosurgery. It also discusses the development of new technologies such as X-rays and electroencephalography, which helped to revolutionize the field of neurosurgery.
Part Three: The Dueling Neurosurgeons
The third part of the book tells the story of two rival neurosurgeons, Walter Freeman and James Watts. Freeman was a pioneer of lobotomy, a procedure that involved cutting through the skull to sever the connections between certain brain regions. Watts, on the other hand, was a critic of lobotomy and believed that it was a dangerous and unnecessary procedure. The part describes the rivalry between the two surgeons and how their differing views on lobotomy led to a bitter feud.
Part Four: The Future of Neurosurgery
The final part of the book looks at the future of neurosurgery and the exciting developments that are taking place in the field. It describes the work of contemporary neurosurgeons who are using new technologies such as deep brain stimulation and stem cell therapy to treat a range of neurological disorders. It also discusses the challenges that face neurosurgeons in the future, including the aging population and the increasing prevalence of neurological disorders.
The Tale of the Dueling Neurosurgeons is a fascinating account of the history of neurosurgery. It is a testament to the dedication and ingenuity of the men and women who have dedicated their lives to understanding the workings of the human brain. The book is a must-read for anyone who is interested in the history of medicine or the science of the brain. It is a compelling read that will leave you with a greater appreciation for the incredible advances that have been made in the field of neurosurgery.